I hear it all the time: “I don’t want to invest right now… It’s the peak of the market.”
It sounds like common sense, but over the long run, it’s a losing sentiment.
Some of it is pride. No one wants to invest at the top of the market, like 1928 or 2008. It would hurt to have to admit to losing 40-50% on an investment, even if it’s just on paper.
Some of it is fear. Anyone who’s worked hard to set aside money for investing likely has an important purpose for the funds like retirement or maybe a college fund for their kids. Losing that money could ruin their life.
Some of it is greed. Everyone wants to be the hero that buys in at the bottom of the market in 2009.
Pride, fear, and greed are powerful human emotions. It’s natural to have them, but it’s a terrible idea to invest with them.
Although a large paper loss on a long-term investment is a difficult thing to go through, in the long run, the market has always gone up.
Yes, there are dips, but they are largely impossible to predict. Even expert investors have been unable to reliably time the market.
That’s why long-term investors should always focus on being invested and participating in long-term appreciation, rather than investing at the right time to try and avoid losses.
Don’t believe me? I’ll prove it to you with three irrefutable facts.
Investment truth #1: The market always goes up over the long run
Although individual stocks go up and down, over the long run the US stock market – and the world market alongside it – has always gone up.
The power of those compound returns is incredible. Ten thousand dollars invested in the total US stock market in 1972 is worth just over $1 million today.
By the way, the 70’s were an awful decade for investing! That $10,000 would only have been worth a little over $15,000 by 1980, an annual return of around 6%.
Still, it would have been better to invest that $10,000 and turn it into $15,000 than wait on the sidelines until 1980. With investing starting in 1980, that $10,000 would only have grown to be $642,000. You would think that investing right before the go-go 80’s would be a slam dunk. Nope.
Note: All of the charts I am showing here today were created with Portfolio Visualizer, a fantastic investment tool for backtesting portfolio ideas for free. I have also written my own tutorial on Portfolio Visualizer if you want to learn more.
Investment truth #2: There is no way to predict the next downturn
I’ll put this bluntly: even investment professionals can’t time the next recession reliably.
People have been calling the peak of the market for quite a few years now, but it continues on and on. At some point, it WILL go down, but my point is that it’s impossible to predict when that will happen.
The economy doesn’t operate on a schedule or a timer. Although this is one of the longest expansions in US history, there are no rules that dictate how long an expansion can last.
In Australia, they have been going steady without a recession for 27 years. There are indicators that can point to a recession, like an inverted yield curve, but even that is an imperfect tool that’s only right some of the time.
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Investment truth #3: Even if you start investing at a terrible time, you will still be better off than waiting to invest until the perfect time
If all of the evidence thus far isn’t persuasive enough, I promise this will be.
Let’s take the case of an investor who has $50,000 to put into the market, with plans to add $10,000 to that figure over the course of each of the next 20 years.
Now, let’s make that investment at the worst possible time: right at the end of the housing boom in 2007.
Notice anything interesting? That’s right, it’s not that horrific!
Although it would be frustrating to have put $70,000 into the market by 2009 and only have $40,000, the ending balance in 2018 of nearly $388,577 is quite impressive. That amounts to a 19% annual growth rate.
It’s important to note that a big reason for that impressive CAGR is the additional investments that are made over time. This is a key component of any professional investment advice: continue to invest.
It’s also important not to pull out money and sell when things go wrong. Usually, it’s darkest before the dawn.
Alright. So what would happen if someone DID time the market perfectly (investing at the bottom of the market)?
Using the same formula as before, they would have $380,000. That’s only $8,000 less! And remember, ending up with less requires perfect market omniscience. The real-life investor would likely miss the bottom of the market by a year or two.
If someone called the bottom of the market too early, in 2008, they would only have $347,000, which is $40,000 less than the “stupid” person who invested at the top of the market.
If someone called the bottom of the market too late, in 2010, they would only have $302,000 – $86,000 less than the “stupid” person who invested at the top of the market.
It pays to be invested
The evidence is clear, it pays to be invested.
It really isn’t that hard to build a diversified portfolio build a diversified portfolio from scratch that would perform even better than the incredibly aggressive US stock allocation I am showing above. Most investment professionals would recommend at least a 5% allocation to bonds, which would temper the harsh downturns.
At the end of the day, I can’t predict the future. It may be at the top of the market, but I am still making new investments and trusting in the performance of the market over the long haul.
What do you think of these three investment “truths” – agree or disagree?